Diabetics should always monitor their blood sugar levels. But exactly what dosage should you give diabetes? When is it dangerous?
More than four million adults in Germany need to measure their blood sugar regularly, and some of them need to inject insulin according to their values. Most of them have type 2 diabetes, some have type 1 diabetes and some have other types of diabetes such as double diabetes. Symptoms are different and vary between men and women.
Insulin lowers blood sugar levels to normal levels, thereby preventing the serious consequences of high blood sugar levels. But how much insulin should diabetics really be injecting? And what blood sugar level is dangerous?
Diabetes: What blood sugar level is normal?
as World Health Organization WHO Explains that fasting blood sugar levels, that is, about eight to ten hours after not eating, are between 70 mg/dl (3.9 mmol/l) and 100 mg/dl (5.6 mmol/l) in a healthy adult without diabetes. Both of these units can be used to measure blood sugar. If the value increases, it is a sign of diabetes.
Mg/dl stands for “milligrams per deciliter” and mmol/l stands for “millimoles per liter”, thus mmol/l is more commonly used than mg/dl. If you refer to blood sugar in mg/dl, you are referring to the weight of dissolved sugar particles per volume. Conversely, the unit mmol/l counts the number of dissolved sugar particles, i.e. volume of substance, per volume.
To convert between the two units, you need the number 18,016. If you want to convert a mg/dl to mmol/l, divide the amount by 18.016. If you want to convert an amount from mmol/l to mg/dl, multiply the amount by 18.016. An example:
- blood sugar: 110 mg/dL
- In mmol/l: 110 : 18,016 = 6,1
- blood sugar: 6,1 mmol/l
A blood sugar level between 70 mg/dl (3.9 mmol/l) and 100 mg/dl (5.6 mmol/l) in a healthy adult. If the blood sugar level rises above a certain level, it is a strong indication of diabetes. At values between 100 and 125 mg/dl (5.6 and 6.9 mmol/l). According to the Diabetes Information Portal diabinfo.de Talk about pre-diabetes. From a blood sugar value of 126 mg/dl (7.0 mmol/l) we talk about diabetes.
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High Blood Sugar: When Should Diabetics Get Insulin Injections?
Editorial Note: The information provided here is for guidance only. Consult before taking Insulin Your responsible physician.
Many type 1 and type 2 diabetics need to inject insulin every day to lower their blood sugar levels and stay out of the danger zone. But when should you inject insulin as a diabetic?
Target values are important to know how much insulin you should give yourself. Like a health portal Enableme indicates, the target value for healthy people is 60 to 100 mg/dl during fasting and 90 to 140 mg/dl after eating. Values are higher in type 1 diabetics, 90 to 120 mg/dl on an empty stomach and 130 to 160 mg/dl after a meal. They are even higher in type 2 diabetics, where values range from 100 to 125 mg/dl on an empty stomach and 140 to 199 mg/dl after a meal.
The aim is to achieve target values with diabetic injections. To know how many units of insulin to give yourself, it is important to know your own body. The effect insulin has on your own blood sugar levels varies from person to person. You should definitely talk to your doctor about this. As a rule, one unit reduces insulin Their Diabetes Portal Diabetes-news.de Blood sugar level 30 mg/dl (1.6 mmol/l).
Diabetes: At what point is blood sugar dangerous?
If the blood sugar level gets too high or too low, it can be dangerous. In these cases we are talking about high or low sugar levels. According to the diabetes information portal diabinfo.de Values up to 250 mg/dl are referred to as mild hyperglycemia. If this is the case, you may need to give insulin directly to lower your blood sugar.
It is dangerous when the blood sugar level rises above 250 mg/dl. In these cases one speaks of acute hyperglycemia. Acute hyperglycemia, in the worst case, can lead to diabetic coma, so prompt action is needed here. Insulin should be injected immediately.
Hypoglycemia occurs when blood sugar levels fall below 70 mg/dl. In this case, the body does not need insulin, but rather sugar. If hypoglycemia occurs, carbohydrates that enter the blood quickly should be consumed quickly. Dextrose tablets are useful here.
Check blood sugar level: Close consultation with doctors
The blood sugar values mentioned are for orientation and help you get a rough feel for your sugar balance. However, in the end, every patient is different, so often different values should be set. Patients should discuss what these values are with their doctors and act accordingly.
By: Early symptoms of diabetes can make you suspicious. The symptoms of type 1 diabetes and type 2 diabetes are slightly different.