The euro area (EA19) seasonally-adjusted unemployment rate was 7.6% in April 2019, down from 7.7% in March 2019 and from 8.4% in April 2018. This is the lowest rate recorded in the euro area since August 2008. The EU28 unemployment rate was 6.4% in April 2019, stable compared with March 2019 and down from 7.0% in April 2018. This remains the lowest rate recorded in the EU28 since the start of the EU monthly unemployment series in January 2000. These figures are published by Eurostat, the statistical office of the European Union.
Eurostat estimates that 15.802 million men and women in the EU28, of whom 12.529 million in the euro area, were unemployed in April 2019. Compared with March 2019, the number of persons unemployed decreased by 108 000 in the EU28 and by 64 000 in the euro area. Compared with April 2018, unemployment fell by 1.394 million in the
EU28 and by 1.147 million in the euro area.
Among the Member States, the lowest unemployment rates in April 2019 were recorded in Czechia (2.1%), Germany (3.2%) and the Netherlands (3.3%). The highest unemployment rates were observed in Greece (18.5%
in February 2019), Spain (13.8%) and Italy (10.2%).
Compared with a year ago, the unemployment rate fell in all Member States except Luxembourg and Poland where it remained stable while an increase was registered in Denmark (from 5.2% to 5.3%). The largest decreases
were registered in Greece (from 20.6% to 18.5% between February 2018 and February 2019), Estonia (from 6.0% to 4.1% between March 2018 and March 2019) and Spain (from 15.6% to 13.8%).
In April 2019, the unemployment rate in the United States was 3.6%, down from 3.8% in March 2019 and from 3.9% in April 2018.
In April 2019, 3.213 million young persons (under 25) were unemployed in the EU28, of whom 2.308 million were in the euro area. Compared with April 2018, youth unemployment decreased by 246 000 in the EU28 and by 151 000 in the euro area. In April 2019, the youth unemployment rate was 14.2% in the EU28 and 15.8% in the euro area, compared with 15.4% and 17.2% respectively in April 2018. In April 2019, the lowest rates were observed in Germany (5.3%) and the Netherlands (6.2%), while the highest were recorded in Greece (38.8% in February 2019), Spain (32.7%) and Italy (31.4%).
The euro area (EA19) includes Belgium, Germany, Estonia, Ireland, Greece, Spain, France, Italy, Cyprus, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, the Netherlands, Austria, Portugal, Slovenia, Slovakia and Finland.
The European Union (EU28) includes Belgium, Bulgaria, Czechia, Denmark, Germany, Estonia, Ireland, Greece, Spain, France, Croatia, Italy, Cyprus, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Hungary, Malta, the Netherlands, Austria, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Slovenia, Slovakia, Finland, Sweden and the United Kingdom.
Methods and definitions
Eurostat produces harmonised unemployment rates for individual EU Member States, the euro area and the EU. These unemployment rates are based on the definition recommended by the International Labour Organisation (ILO). The measurement is based on a harmonised source, the European Union Labour Force Survey (LFS).
Based on the ILO definition, Eurostat defines unemployed persons as persons aged 15 to 74 who:
– are without work;
– are available to start work within the next two weeks;
– and have actively sought employment at some time during the previous four weeks.
The unemployment rate is the number of people unemployed as a percentage of the labour force.
The labour force is the total number of people employed plus unemployed. In this news release unemployment rates are based on employment and unemployment data covering persons aged 15 to 74.
The youth unemployment rate is the number of people aged 15 to 24 unemployed as a percentage of the labour force of the same age. Therefore, the youth unemployment rate should not be interpreted as the share of jobless people in the overall youth population.
When data for the most recent month are not available for a Member State, EU and EA aggregates are calculated using the latest data available for that Member State.
Germany, the Netherlands, Austria, Finland, Sweden and Iceland: the trend component is used instead of the more volatile seasonally adjusted data.
Denmark, Estonia, Hungary, Portugal, the United Kingdom and Norway: 3-month moving averages of LFS data are used instead of pure monthly indicators.
Revisions and timetable
The data in this News Release can be subject to revisions, caused by updates to the seasonally adjusted series whenever new monthly data are added; the inclusion of the most recent LFS data in the calculation process; update of seasonal adjustment models with complete annual data. Compared with the rates published in News Release 77/2019 of 30 April 2019, the March 2019 unemployment rate for EA19 and the EU28 remained unchanged. Among Member States, the rate has been revised by more than 0.1 percentage points (pp) downwards for Ireland and Latvia (both by 0.7 pp). The unemployment rate has been revised by more than 0.1 percentage points upwards for Poland (by 0.4 pp) as well as for Denmark, Cyprus, Lithuania and Finland (all by 0.2 pp).