In 2017, 253 of the EU regions (90%) saw their employment grow. In 26 other regions, the number of persons employed decreased and in a further 2 employment remained stable.
Growth in employment varied widely across the EU regions and within countries. The highest employment growth rates were recorded in Mayotte in France (+7.7%), Malta, Algarve in Portugal and Central Bohemia in Czechia (all +5.3%), followed by Herefordshire, Worcestershire & Warwickshire in the United Kingdom (+4.7%), South-Central in Bulgaria and Lisbon Metropolitan Area in Portugal (both +4.1%).
opposite end of the scale, the biggest decreases in employment were registered
in Basilicata in Italy
(-2.7%), Cumbria in the United Kingdom (-2.4%), Central and Western Region in Lithuania (-2.1%), South Yorkshire in the United Kingdom (-2.0%) and Liguria in Italy (-1.9%).
In the EU as a whole, employment grew by 1.6% in 2017.
These data on regional employment, compiled on the basis of the National Accounts, are published by Eurostat, the statistical office of the European Union.
Largest employment growth in Mayotte in France
In 19 EU regions, the employment growth exceeded 3%. Three each of these regions were located in Spain, Portugal and the United Kingdom, two in Romania and one each in Bulgaria, Czechia, France, Cyprus, Luxembourg, Malta, Slovenia and Slovakia.
In 25 EU regions, the number of employed people decreased in 2017. In nine of these regions, the number of employed fell by more than 1%. Five of these regions were located in the United Kingdom, two in Italy and one in Lithuania and Poland.
These data are based on the Nomenclature of Territorial Units for Statistics (NUTS 2016) as set out in the amending Regulation (EU) 2017/2391 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 12 December 2017. NUTS 2016 (valid from 1 January 2018) provides an uniform, consistent breakdown of territorial units for the production of regional statistics for the EU and lists 104 regions at NUTS 1, 281 regions at NUTS 2 and 1348 regions at NUTS 3 level.
Methods and definitions
Employment is defined as the number of people engaged in productive activities in an economy. The concept includes both employees and the self-employed and covers both the residents and the non-residents working in the country.
More detailed data by NUTS 3 area and 10 NACE economic activities is available up to the year 2016 at Eurostat’s database.
Extra-regio territory is made up of parts of the economic territory of a country which cannot be assigned to a single region. It consists of the national air-space, territorial waters and the continental shelf lying in international waters over which the country enjoys exclusive rights, territorial exclaves, deposits of oil, natural gas etc. worked by resident units. In the text of this News Release, the names of the regions are in English, while the tables in the annex list regions in the national language as set out in the NUTS.
Issued by: Eurostat Press Office