The International Monetary Fund (IMF) needs to reach an agreement with Greece and its European creditors by next week to ensure that the fund has enough time to give money to the embattled nation.
Greece has been seeking debt relief — a relaxation of the terms for paying back its debts — since 2015, but the issue has dragged on due to opposition from several European Union member countries. Certain European countries, some of which are the largest lenders to Greece, are against significant debt forgiveness as they don’t want to be seen by their citizens as ongoing contributors to what they see as economic malpractices in their southern European neighbour.
Speaking on Tuesday, Poul Thomsen, the IMF director for Europe, said that there needs to be an agreement at a meeting late next week.
“We really need an agreement at the Eurogroup next week,” Thomsen said.
“Time is running out,” he said, “but if there is an agreement in the Eurogroup meeting in May, then there will be enough time for us to activate the program and for it to coincide with the remainder of the ESM (European Stability Mechanism) program.”
The Eurogroup is a regular meeting for all the finance ministers from those countries that share the single currency, while the ESM is the organization that deals with bailing out struggling nations in the region.
So far, all the money that Greece has received under its third bailout program has come from Europe and it’s still waiting for a slice from the Washington, D.C.-based IMF. The IMF has said that it will not disburse any funds until Europe agrees on specific measures that will make Greek debt more sustainable over the long term. Greece has a debt-to-GDP (gross domestic product) of 180 percent.
However, the debt crisis becomes even more pressing as Athens approaches the end of the financial program, scheduled for August 20.
Between an agreement on debt and the end of the bailout, the IMF has said it would be available to disburse 1.6 billion euros ($1.9 billion).
Eurogroup President Mario Centeno said in a letter to his fellow finance ministers that “the aim is to reach a staff level agreement ahead of the May Eurogroup.”
However, there are still outstanding issues that the different institutions have to fix to get the deal done by next Thursday.
“There’s been a considerable narrowing of differences in recent months,” Thomsen said, but “there are still some different assessments of growth over the medium term,” he added.
“Acknowledging that this is an area where there is considerable uncertainty, we are discussing a mechanism for providing more debt relief in case growth is weaker than what our European partners expect,” he said.
The upcoming debt relief measures aim to link Greece’s future economic growth rates to how much interest it will pay on its loans — the higher the growth rate is, the more interest Greece can pay.
Any upcoming deal on debt will also have to be approved by some European parliaments, including the German Bundestag.
Failure to agree on debt relief to Greece would not only make Greece’s return to the markets more abrupt but also compromise the credibility of providing financial assistance to European countries.
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