A source in the Syrian Ministry of Agriculture revealed the planting of more than one million hectares of wheat out of the planned area of 1.8 million hectares and about one million hectares of barley. He pointed out that «these areas constitute a sure guarantee to secure the country’s requirements of wheat and barley».
The amount of precipitation recently contributed to the improvement of the agricultural situation for the winter season, with the percentage of wheat implementation 60%, barley 79%, pulses 57% and winter vegetables 89%.
The source pointed to the planning for the cultivation of 893791 hectares of irrigated wheat, of which 414047 hectares have been implemented so far, with a 46 percent implementation, which is excellent compared to the reality of the state irrigation projects, most of which came out of service. As for wheat, the plant is planned to grow 902371 hectares, 73 percent, with the expected increase in rainfed area due to improved rainfall.
The source pointed out that the areas cultivated with medical and aromatic crops reach about 15 thousand hectares, and are increasing during the coming period because they are affected by the high rates of rain promising in recent days. Winter vegetables, more than 19,000 hectares, constitute 76 percent of the planned plan, and these crops depend on irrigation.
The emergence of the province of Raqqa from the production cycle, an additional pressure factor on the Syrian economy, because it is considered with the province of Hassake «Syrian food basket». The agricultural sector is exposed to a “big gap”, especially in “strategic” crops such as wheat, cotton, sugar beet and maize, which were produced by the eastern provinces.
Syria’s pre-war production was about 3.5 million tonnes of wheat on average, enough to meet domestic demand and allowed exports abroad, partly due to the use of Euphrates water to irrigate the vast desert in the east of the country.